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"Indeed, over recent years, selectionists have run an extraordinarily successful and well-funded public relations exercise, backed up by all the scholarly paraphernalia of academic conferences, edited volumes, specialist journals and lengthy lists of references in which they all cite one another. Dissenting voices, however, have been comprehensively suppressed. Far from remaining indifferent to all of this, it leaves me feeling viscerally angry. Indeed I have often been taken aback by the strength of my own reaction, and I have wondered about the reasons for it. Part of the problem, perhaps, lies in the sheer hubris with which selectionists advance their claims. Not for them the ramblings of woolly-minded humanists when Darwin and hard science point the way! Why bother to read or engage with the work of generations of social and cultural theorists when it is perfectly obvious that human beings are hard-wired meme-replicating machines? All this stuff about agency and structure, about how persons come into being within fields of social relationships, about culture as process rather than transferable content, is so much froth. Humanists can only deal in proximate realities; neo-Darwinian human science reveals the ultimate causes of things."

— Tim Ingold, “The Poverty of Selectionism”, Anthropology Today 16.3 (2000)

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"Pragmatism teaches every such division of the world into “subject matters” as an experiment, designed to see if we can get what we want at a certain historical moment by using a certain language."

— Richard Rorty, Philosophical Papers Vol.1, p.91