"I am not suggesting in any way that we should ignore the information contained in documents… We should focus more than we have done on the fact that documents are not neutral epistles, that they are not disinterested bearers of information about the past. Like other products of human creativity, they were, in fact, active in the production, negotiation and transformation of social relations. More particularly, they contributed to the creation and reproduction of technologies of oppression—as well as providing new opportunities for resistance."
— John Moreland, Archaeology and Text, p31
"The low esteem felt by classical philologists toward field archaeologists was a remnant of the medieval tradition by which those who dealt in Dirt were felt to practise the mechanical arts, while those who dealt in the Word belonged with the liberal arts. The liberal arts are still more highly prized in academic places than the mechanical arts; the Word is still generally felt to be more powerful than, as well as cleaner than, the Dirt."
— E. Vermeule, “Archaeology and Philology: the Dirt and the Word”